Publications

Cody G. D., Brandes  J., and Wirick S. (2009) Soft X-ray Induced Chemical Modification of Polysaccharides in Vascular Plant Cell Walls, J. Elect. Spect. And Rel. Phenom, avialable electronically.

 

Czaja A. D., Kudryavtsev A. B., Cody G. D., and Schopf J. W. (2009) Characterization of permilarlized kerogen from an Eocene fossel fern.  Organic Geochemistry, available electronically

 

Klotchko K., Cody G. D., Tossell J. A., Kaufman A. J., and Dera P. (2009) Re-evaluating borate speciation in biogenic calcite and aragonite using B-11 MAS NMR.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, available electronically

 

Mysen B. O., Fogel M. L., Morrill P. L., and Cody G. D. (2009) Solution Behavior of reduced C-O-H volatiles in silicate melts at high pressure and temperature.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, available electronically

 

Cody G. D., Alexander C. M. O'D., Kilcoyne A. L. D., and Yabuta H. (2008) Unraveling the chemical history of the Solar System as recorded in extraterrestrial organic matter.  in Organic Matter in Space, Sun Kwok and Scott Sandford

 

Lee S. K., Cody G. D., Fei Y., and Mysen B. O. (2008) Oxygen-17 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance study of the structure of mixed cation calcium-sodium silicate glasses at high pressure: Implications for a molecular link to element partioning between silicate liquids and crystals.  J. Phys. Chem. B., 112, 11756-11761

 

Brandes J. A., Cody G. D., Rumble D. Haberstroh P., Wirick S., and Gelinas Y. (2008) Carbon K-edge XANES spectromicroscopy of natural graphite.  Carbon, 46, 1424-1434

 

Cody G. D., Alexander C. M. O'D., Yabuta H., Kilcoyne A. L. D., Araki T., Ade H., Dera P., Fogel M., Militzer B., and Mysen B. O. (2008) Organic Thermometry for Chondritic Parent Bodies.  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 272, 446-455

 

Cody G. D., et al. (2008) Quantitative Organic and Light Element analysis of Comet 81P/Wild 2 particles using C-, N-, and O- micro-XANES.  Meteor. Planet. Sci., 43, 353-365

 

Cody G. D., Scott J. H. (2007) The roots of metabolism.  Chapter 8, Planets and Life, W. Sullivan and J. Baross, Ed.s, Cambridge University Press, 174-186

 

Alexander C. M. O'D., Fogel M. L., Yabuta H., and Cody G. D. (2007) The origin and evolution of chondrites recorded in the elemental and isotopic compositions of their macromolecular organic matter.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 71, 4380-4403

 

Boyce C. K., Hotton C. L., Fogel M. L., Cody G. D., Hazen R. M., Knoll A. H., Heuber F. M. (2007) Devonian Landscape heterogeneity recorded by a giant fungas.  Geology, 35, 399-402

Yabuta H., Williams L. B., Cody G. D., Alexander C. M. O'D., and Pizzarello S. (2007) THe insoluble carbonaceous material of CM chondrites: A possible source of discrete organic compounds under hydrothermal conditions.  Meteor.Planet. Sci., 42, 37-48

 

Sandford et al. (2006) Organics captured from Comet Wild 2/81P by the Stardust space craft.  Science 314, 1720-1724

 

Brownlee et al. (2006) Comet Wild 2/81P under a microscope.  Science, 314, 1711-1716

 

Roskosz M., Mysen B. O., and Cody G. D. (2006) Dual speciation of nitrogen in silicate melts at high pressure and temperature: An experimental study  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 70 2902-2918

 

Lee S. K., Cody G. D., Fei Y., and Mysen B. O. (2006) The effect of Na/Si on the structure of sodium silicate and aluminosilicate glasses quenched from melts at high pressure: A multi-nuclear (Al-27, Na-23, O-17) 1D and 2D solid state NMR Study  Chemical Geology, 229, 162-172

 

Haberstroh P. A., Brandes J. A., Gelinas Y., Dickens S., Wirick S., and Cody G. D. (2006) Chemical composition of the graphitic black carbonfraction in riverine and marine sediments at sub-micron scales using Carbon X-ray Spectromicroscopy.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 70, 1483-1494

 

Wang Y., Song Y., Alexander C. M. O'D., Fogel M. L., and Cody G. D. (2005) Molecular and compound specific hydrogen isotope analysis of insoluble organic matter from different carbonaceous chondritic groups.  Geochem. Cosmochem. Acta, 69, 3711-3721

 

Okuchi T., Cody G. D., Mao H. K., and Hemley R. J. (2005) Hydrogen bonding and dynamics of methanol by high-pressure diamond anvil cell NMR.  J. Chem. Physics, 122, 244509

 

Lee S. K., Cody G. D., and Mysen B. O. (2005) Structure and the extent of disorder in quateranary (Ca-Mg) and (Ca-Na) aluminosilicate glasses and melts.  American Mineralogist, 90, 1393-1401

 

Cody G. D. (2005) Geocatalysis  to Biocatalysis: Geochemical Connections to Acetyl CoA Metabolism, Elements, 1, 139-143

 

Brandes J. A.,  Lee C., Wakeham S.,  Peterson M., Jacobsen C., Wirick S., Cody G. D. (2004) Examining marine particulate organic matter at sub-micron scales using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) and carbon x-ray absorption near edge structure (C-XANES) spectroscopy.  Marine Chemistry, 92, 107-121

 

Cody, G. D., Mysen B. O., Lee S. K. (2005) Structure vs. Composition: A 1H MAS and 1H-29Si CPMAS NMR Study of Quenched Glasses along the Na2O-SiO2-H2O Join. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 69, 2373-2384

 

Lee S. K., Mibe K., Fei Y., Cody G. D., and Mysen B. O. (2005) Structure of B2O3 glass at high pressure: a B-11 solid state NMR study.  Phys. Rev. Lett, 94, 165507-1,4

 

Cody G.D., Alexander  C. M. O’D., Tera F. (2005) NMR studies of chemical structural variation of insoluble organic matter from different carbonaceous chondrite groups. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 69, 2373-2384

 

Lee S.K., Fei Y., Mysen B. O., and Cody G. D. (2005) The application of 17O and 27Al Solid-state (3QMAS) NMR to Structures of Non-crystalline Silicates at high pressure,  in Frontiers of High Pressure Research, AGU.

 

Boyce C. KI., Zwieniecki M. A., Cody G.  D., Jacobsen C., Wirick S., Knoll A. H., and Holbrook N. M. (2004) Evolution of xylem lignification and hydrogel  transport regulation, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 164, 17555-17558

 

Mysen B. O., Cody G. D. (2004) Solubility mechanisms of water in peralkaline  silicate glasses and in melts to magmatic temperatures, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. Special Issue on Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts and Fluids. 68, 2745-2769

 

Mysen B. O. Cody G. D., & Smith A. (2004) Solubility mechanisms of fluorine in peralkaline and meta-aluminous silicate glasses and in melts to magmatic temperatures, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta.68, 2745-2769

 

Cody, G. D. (2004) Transition Metal Sulfides and the Origin of Metabolism, Ann. Rev. Earth Planetary Sci. 32, 569-599.

 

Cody, G. D., Scott J. H. (2004) The Roots of Metabolism, Planets & Life, W. Sullivan, J. Baross (Ed.s), Cambridge University Press

 

Cody, G. D., Boctor, N. Z., Brandes, J. A., Filley, T. R., Hazen, R. M., Yoder, H. S. Jr. (2004) Assaying the catalytic potential of transition metal sulfides for abiotic carbon fixation, Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta.68, 2185-2196

 

Sharma, A., Cody, G.D. Scott, J. & Hemley, R.  (2004).  Molecules to microbes: In situ high-pressure investigations of organic systems under hydrothermal conditions. In:  Chemistry under Extreme Conditions  (Ed. Riad Manaa),  Elsevier Science Publication.

 

Lee, S. K., Mysen B, O., Cody, G. D. (2003) Chemical Order in Mixed Cation Silicate Glasses and Melts, Physics Review B. 68, 214206

 

Boyce, C. K., Cody, G. D., Fogel, M. L., Hazen, R. M., Alexander, C. M. O’D, and Knoll, A. H. (2003) Chemical Evidence for cell wall lignification and the evolution of tracheids  in Early Devonian Plants, International Journal of Plant Science. 164, 691-702/

 

Mysen, B. O., Lucier, A., Cody, G. D. (2003) The structural behavior of Al3+ in peralkaline melts and glasses in the system Na2O-Al2O3-SiO2, American Mineralogist, 1668-1678.

 

Lee, S. K., Fei, Y., Cody, G. D., Mysen, B. O. (2003) Structure and Disorder of Silicate Glasses Quenched from Melts at 10 Gpa: 17O 3QMAS NMR and Quantum Chemical Calculations, Geophysical Research Letters 30,  1845-1848.

 

Boyce  K. C., Cody G. D., Fesser M., Knoll A. H., Wirick S. W. (2002) Organic Chemical Differentiation within fossil plant cell walls detected with X-ray Spectromicroscopy,  J. Geology 30, 1039-1042.

 

Cody G. D., Alexander C. M. O'D, and Tera  F. (2002) Solid State (1H and 13C) NMR Spectroscopy of the Insoluble Organic Residue in the Murchison Meteorite: A self-consistent Quantitative Analysis, Geochim. et Cosmochem. Acta, 66, 1851-1865.

 

Hazen, R. M., Boctor, N., Brandes, J. A., Cody G. D., Hemley R. J., Sharma A., and Yoder H. S. Jr. (2002) High pressure and the origin of life  J. Phys. Condens. Matter 14, 11489-11494

 

Sharma A., Scott J. H., Cody G. D., Fogel M. L.,Hazen R. M., Hemley R. J., Huntress W. T. (2002)  Life at Extreme pressures: Direct Observations of microbial Activity at Gigapascal pressures, Science 295,1514

 

T.R. Filley, G.D. Cody, B. Goodell, J. Jellison, C. Noser, A. Ostrofsky (2002) Lignin demethylation and polysaccharide decomposition in spruce sapwood degraded by brown rot fungi, Organic Geochemistry  33, 111-124.

 

Cody, G. D., Boctor, N. Z., Hazen, R. M., Brandes, J. A., Morowitz, H. J., and Yoder, H. J. (2001) Geochemical Roots of Autotrophic Carbon Fixation: Hydrothermal Experiments in the System Citric Acid-H2O-(± FeS)-(±NiS) Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta.  65, 3557-3567

 

Cody, G. D., Mysen, B. M., Sághi-Szabó G., and Tossell, J. A. (2001) Silica-Phosphorous interactions in Silicate glasses and Melts: I, A multinuclear (27Al,29Si,31P) MAS NMR and Ab initio (31P) Study, Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta. 65, 2395-2411

 

Mysen, B. M. and Cody, G. D. (2001) Silica-Phosphorus interactions in Silicate glasses and Melts: II, Quantitative, High-Tempertaure Structure of P-Bearing Alkali Aluminosilicate Melts, Geochim. et. Cosmochim. Acta 65, 2413-2431

 

Norinaga, K., Iino, M., Cody, G. D., Thiyagarajan, P. (2000) Characterization of Micro-Domain Structure of Solvent-Swollen Coal by Proton Spin Diffusion and Small Angle Neutron Scattering, Energy & Fuels, 14, 1245-1251

 

Cody G. D. (2000) Probing Chemistry Within the Membrane Structure of Wood with Soft X-ray Spectral Microscopy, In X-ray Microscopy: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference, W. Meyer-Ilse, T. Warwick, and D. Attwood, Editors, American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY.

 

Cody, G. D., Boctor, N. Z., Filley, T. R., Hazen, R. M., Scott J. H., Sharma A., Yoder, H. S. Jr. (2000) Primordial Carbonylated Iron-Sulfur Compounds and the Synthesis of Pyruvate, Science, 289, 1337.

 

Morowitz, H. J., Kostelnik, J. D., Yang J. Cody, G. D. (2000) The Origin of Intermediary Metabolism, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 97, 7704-7708

 

Brandes, J. A., Boctor, N. Z., Hazen R. M., Yoder, H. S., and Cody, G. D. (2000), Prebiotic Amino Acid Synthesis Pathways via a-ketoacids:  An alternative to the Strecker Synthesis.  Perspectives in Amino Acid and Protein Geochemistry (G. A. Goodfriend, M. J. Collins, M. L. Fogel, S. A. Macko, and J. F. Wehmiller,( eds.) Oxford University Press, NY, 41-59

 

Norinaga, K., Hayashi, J., Chiba, T., Cody, G.D., (1999) Microheterogeneity of solvent-swollen coal probed by proton spin diffusion. Energy & Fuels, 13, 1239-1245. 

 

Cody, G. D., Sághi-Sazbó, G. (1999) Calculation of the 13C NMR Chemical Shift of Ether Linkages in Lignin Derived Geopolymers: Constraints on the Preservation of Lignin Primary Structure with Diagenesis, Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta, 63, 193-05

 

Cody, G. D., Thiyagarajan, P.(1999) The Macromolecular Structure of Coal: Insight Derived from Small Angle Neutron Scattering, Materials Research using Cold Neutrons, World Press

 

Cody, G. D. (1998) Unraveling the Mystery of Coal Structure with Neutrons, Chemistry and Chemical Industry (Japan), 10, 1586-1589.

 

Brandes, J. A. Nabil Z. Boctor, George D. Cody, Benjamin A. Cooper, Robert M. Hazen and Hatten S. Yoder, Jr. (1998) Origins of Ammonia in Archean Hydrothermal Systems, Nature 395. 365-367

 

Cody, G. D., Ade, H., Wirick, S., Mitchell, G. D., Davis, A. (1998) Determination of Chemical Structural Changes in Vitrinite Accompanying Luminescence Alteration using C-NEXAFS Analysis, Organic Geochemistry, 28, 441-456.

 

Cody, G. D., Painter, P. C. (1997) Modulus of Swollen Coal Gels, Energy & Fuels, 11, 1044-1047

 

Cody, G. D., Thiyagarajan, P., Obeng, M. (1997) Characterization of the Soluble and Insoluble Fractions of Upper Freeport Coal in NMP/CS2 and Pyridine using Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS), Energy & Fuels, 11, 495-501

 

Cody, G. D., Botto, R. E., Ade, H., Wirick, S., (1996) The Application of Soft X-ray Microscopy to The In-Situ Analysis of Sporinite in Coal, International Journal of Coal Geology , 32, 69-86.

 

Botto, R. E., Cody, G. D., Diekman, S. L., French, D. C., Gopalsami, N., Rizo, P. (1996) Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imagin of Materials, Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance,  6, p. 389-402.

 

Cody, G. D., Botto, R. E. (1996) Magnetic Resonance Microscopy and the Dynamics of Solvent Transport in Coal, Proceedings of the Hokkaido Energy Conference, Sapporo Japan, 8 -13.

 

Cody, G.D., Botto, R. E., Ade, H., Wirick, S (1995). Soft x-ray microscopy and microanalysis: applications in Organic geochemistry, Proceedings SPIE The International Society for Optical Engineering, W. Yun, Editor, 2516, 185-197.

 

Bouillard, J. X., Enzien, M., Peters, R. W., Frank, J., Botto, R. E., Cody, G. D. (1995) Hydrodynamics of Foam Flows for In Situ Bioremediation of DNAPL-Contaminated Subsurface,  in Applied Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons, R. E. Hinchee, J. A., Kittel, H. J. Reisinger, Editors, Battelle Press, Columbus, p311

 

Cody, G. D., Ade, H., Behal, S., Botto, R. E.,Disko, M.,Kirz, J., Wirick, S. (1995) Inner Shell Spectroscopy and Imaging of a Subbituminous Coal:  In-situ Analysis of Organic and Inorganic Microscostructure Using C(1s)-, Ca(2p)-, and Cl(2s)-NEXAFS, Energy & Fuels, 9, 525-533.

 

Cody, G. D., Ade, H., Behal, S.,Botto, R.E, Disko, M., Kirz, J., Wirick, S. C, (1995) NEXAFS  Microanalysis and Imaging of A Bituminous Coal, Energy & Fuels, 9, 75-83.

 

Lei, H., Cody, G. D., French, D. C., Botto, R. E., Hatcher, P. G., (1995) Dynamic Detection of a Phase Transition in Illinois No. 6 Coal Accompanying Pyridine De-swelling by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging (NMRI) and NMR Spectroscopy, Energy & Fuels, 9, 84.

 

Cody, G. D., Thiyagarajan, P., Botto, R.E., Hunt, J. E., Winans, R. E. (1994) The Solution Structure of Coal Macromolecules in Pyridine: Small Angle Neutron Scattering Analysis of Untreated and and O-methylated Coal Extracts,  Energy & Fuels, 8, 1370-1378.

 

Hatcher, P. G., Wenzel, K. A., Cody, G. D.  (1994) Coalification Reactions of Vitrinite Derived from Coalified Wood:  Transformations to Rank of Bituminous Coal, in Vitrinite Reflectance as a Maturity Indicator: Applications and Limitations, P. K. Mukhopadhyay and W. G. Dow, Editors, ACS Symposium Series 570,  pp. 112-135.

 

Cody, G. D., Botto, R. E. (1994) In-situ Analysis and Quantification of Swelling Kinetics in Glassy & Rubbery Networks Using 1H and 19F Magnetic Resonance Microscopy,  Macromolecules, 1994, 27, 2607-2615.

 

Lei, H., Cody, G. D., Hatcher, P. G., Gravina, S., Mattingly, M. (1994) Imaging the Micro-structure of Low Rank Coals: A Study Combining Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Scanning Electron, and Optical Microscopic Imaging. Fuel,  73, 189-194.

 

Kirz, J., Ade, H., Botto, R. E., Cody, G.D., Fu, J., Jacobsen, C., Lindass, S., Mangel, W. F., Mcgrath, W. J., Oehler, V., Van t'Hof, J., Williams, S., Wirick, S., Zhang, X. (1994) Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopy At the NSLS , Proceedings of International Conference in X-Ray Optics, Moscow

 

Botto, R. E., Cody, G. D. Kirz, J. Ade, H., Disko, M, Behal, S. (1994) Selective Chemical Mapping of Coal Microheterogeniety by Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopy, Energy & Fuels,  8, 151.

 

Cody, G. D, Botto, R. E. (1993) Proton NMR Imaging of Pyridine Transport into Coal, Energy & Fuels, 7, 561.

 

Cody,  G. D., Davis, A., Hatcher, P. G., (1993) The Dynamic Nature of Coal's Macromolecular Structure: Viscoelastic Analysis of Solvent-Swollen Coals, Energy & Fuels, 7, 463.

 

Cody, G. D., Davis, A., Hatcher, P. G., (1993) Physical Structural Characterization of Bituminous Coals: Stress-Strain Analysis in the Pyridine Dilated State,  Energy & Fuels, 7, 455.

 

Cody, G. D. (1992) The Macromolecular Geochemistry of Bituminous Vitrain, Ph.D Dissertation, College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University.

 

Hatcher, P. G., Faulon, J-L., Wenzel, K. A., Cody, G. D. (1992) A Structural Model for Lignin-Derived Vitrinite from High-Volatile Bituminous Coal (Coalified Wood) Energy & Fuels,  6, 813.

 

Cody, G. D., Eser, S., Hatcher, P. G., Davis, A., Sobkowiak, M., Shenoy, S., Painter, P.C. (1992) Temperature Dependence of the Swelling of Coals in Pyridine, Energy & Fuels,  6, 716.

 

Cody, G. D., Davis, A. (1991) Direct Imaging of Coal Pore Space Accessible to Liquid Metals Energy & Fuels, 5, 776.

 

Cody, G. D., Larsen, J. W. Siskin, M., Cody, Sr. G. D. (1990) The Granular Nature of High Rank Coals, Proceedings of the Symposium on Physical Phenomena in Granular Materials, Materials Research Society, Volume 195, 559-564.

 

Cody, G. D., Larsen J.W., Siskin, M., Cody, Sr. G. D. (1989), Correlation of Optical Birefringence with Coal Rank; Structural Implications, Energy & Fuels, 3, 551.

 

Cody, G. D., Larsen, J.W., Siskin, M. (1989) Investigation of Linear Dichroism in Coals Using Polarized Photoacoustic FTIR, Energy &Fuels, 3, 544.

 

Cody, G. D., Larsen, J. W., Siskin, M. (1988) Anisotropic Solvent Swelling of Coals, Energy & Fuels, 2, 340.

 

Feature Articles

 

Cody G. D. (1996) Ancient Structures: Probing the Chemistry of Organic Matter Diagenesis, Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book, 1995-1996, 129

 

Selected Extended Abstracts and Preprints (incomplete)

 

Cody G. D. , Alexander, C. M. O’D., Wirick S. (2003) Approaches to establishing the chemical structure of extraterrestrial organic solids, Workshop on Cometary dust in astrophysics, sponsored by the Lunar Planetary Institute, # 6057.

 

Cody G. D. , Alexander, C. M. O’D., Tera F. (2003) Compositional Trends in Chondritic Organic Solids within and between Meteorite Groups, 34th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 1882

 

Kress M., Cody G. D., Brownlee D. (2003) What compounds do micrometeorites contribute to the atmospheres of habitable planets?, Astrobiology 444.

 

Sharma A., Scott J. H., Fogel M., Hemley R. J., Cody G. D., Hazen R. M., Huntress W. T. (2003) Combing High Pressure Physics with Biology, Astrobiology 448.

 

Boyce C. K., Zwieniecki M. A., Cody G. D., Holbrook N. M., Cell Wall Biochemistry and the proliferation of vascular cell types during the evolution of complex land plants, Astrobiology 479.

 

Hazen R. M., Steele A., Toporski J. Cody G. D., Fogel M. L., Huntress W. T. (2003) Biosignatures andAbiosignatures, Astrobiology, 512

 

McDonald G. D., Cody G. D. (2003) Molecular Structure off Titan Organic Haze: Studies of Laboratory Analogs. Astrobiology 595.

 

Cody  G. D., Boctor N., Hazen R. M., Brandes J. (2003) Protometabolism under hydrothermal conditions: Primitve Carbon and Nitrogen Fixation strategies of a young terrestrial planet, Astrobiology, 596.

 

Eigenbrode J. L., Freeman K. H., Snape C. E., Summons R. E., Love G. D., Cody G. D. (2003) The Preservation of molecular biomarkers for billions of years, Astrobiology, 613

 

Czaja A. D., Schopf J. W., Storrie-Lombardi M. C., Cody G. D. (2003) Multi-spectrum Analysis of Geochemical Alteration Through Natural and Artificial Fossilization, Astrobiology, 622

 

An Experimental Investigation into non-biological cabon fixation reactions under high temperature-high pressure conditions American Chemical Society, Spring National Meeting, 2001, San Diego

 

Molecular spectroscopic characterization of the organic macromolecule in the Murchison meteorite American Chemical Society, Spring National Meeting, 2001, San Diego

 

"Unraveling the structure of macromolecula organic matter in the Murchison with molecular spectroscopy" American Chemical Society, Fall National Meeting, 2000, Washington, DC.

 

"Experimental investigations into the potential hydrothermal origins of life" International Pacific Rim Chemical Congress, Pacifichem, Honolulu, 2000

 

Cody, G. D., Boctor, N. Z., Blank, J., Brandes, J., Filley, T. R., Hazen, R. M., and Yoder, H. (1999) Experimental Investigations into dynamic organic reaction networks at high T and P in Aqueous Media, 12th International Conference on the Origin of Life & 9th ISSOL Meeting, ISSOL ‘99, July, 1999, San Diego.

 

Cody, G. D., C. M., O’D Alexander, F. Tera (1999) New Insights into the Chemistry of the Murchison Organic Macromolecule, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Vol. 34, No.4, Supplement, 1999.

 

Cody, G. D., Blank, J. G., Brandes, J. A., Hazen, R. and Yoder, H. Jr. (1999) High pressure hydrothermal chemistry of citric acid and related acids, 217th American Chemical Society Meeting, Anaheim Ca., Preprints Fuel Chemistry Division. 44, 2, 348-353

 

Cody, G. D., C. M., O’D Alexander, F. Tera (1999) New Insights into the Chemistry of the Murchison Organic Macromolecule using High Field 13C Solid State NMR, Lunar Planet. Sci., 30, 1582

 

Cody, G. D., Boctor, N. Z., Brandes, J. A., Filley, T. R., Hazen, R. M., Yoder H. S., Jr. (1999) The catalytic activity of transition metal sulfides and their role in primitive terrestrial and extraterrestrial biochemistry, Lunar Planet. Sci., 30, 1615.

 

Cody, G. D. (1998)  Insight into the macromolecular structure of coal through small angle neutron scattering, proceedings of the 1998 International Symposium on Advanced Energy Technology, Sapporo, Japan.

 

Cody, G. D. (1997)  Carbon and Oxygen (micro) XANES and X-ray Imaging of Chemically Differentiated Regions in the Cell Wall Structure of Ancient (40 Ma - 150 Ma) Wood, Abstracts of the 18th International Meeting on Organic Geochemistry, Maastricht, Netherlands, Part 1, 101.

 

Gregory, D. M., Gerald, R. M., Cody, G. D., and Botto, R. E. (1997)  Recent Advances in magnetic resonance microscopy of carbonaceous and inorganic materials, 213th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, preprint of Division of Fuel Chemistry, 42, 1, 283-288.

 

Cody, G. D. (1997) The Temperature Dependence on the Strain Dyanmics of Solvent-dilated Coal, 213th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, preprint of Division of Fuel Chemistry, 42, 1, 268-272.

 

Thiyagarajan, P. and Cody, G. D. (1997) Small Angle Neutron Scattering Studies of Coal-Extract Solutions, 213th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, preprint of Division of Fuel Chemistry, 42, 1, 253-257.

 

Cody, G. D.; French, D. C.; Botto, R. E NMR Imaging of Heterogeneous Coal Macromolecular Networks, preprint and abstract, ACS Fuels Division, (1994) San Diego

 

Botto, R. E.; Cody, G.D.(1994) Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy: A New "Looking Glass" into Coal Chemical Structure, preprint and abstract, ACS Fuels Division, 1994, San Diego

 

French, D. C., Cody, G. D., Botto, R.E. (1993) Solvent-Assisted NMR Imaging of Heterogeneous Coal Macromolecular Networks, proceedings, 1993, International Conference on Coal Science, Banff, Alberta, Canada, Sept 12-17, 1993.

 

Cody, G. D., Botto, R. E. (1993) NMR Imaging of Anomalous Solvent Transport in Coal, preprint and abstract, ACS Fuels Division, August, 1993, Chicago.

 

Cody, G. D., Botto, R. E., (1993) NMR Imaging of Non-Fickian Diffusion in Macromolecular Networks, Rocky Mountain Conference on Analytic Chemistry, Denver, July 1993

 

Wenzel, K. A., Hatcher, P. G., Cody, G. D., Song, C., (1993) The Structural Alteration of Huminite By Low Severity Liquefaction, preprint and abstract ACS Fuels division, April 1993, Denver

 

Cody, G. D., Davis, A., Hatcher, P, Painter, P.C. (1992)Visco-Elastic Properties of Solvent Swollen Coals, preprint and abstract ACS Fuels division, April, 1992, San Fransico.

 

Cody, G. D., Davis, A, (1991) Anomolous Volume-Strain Relationships in Bituminous Coals, Abstract, AAPG, 1991 Eastern Section Meeting

 

Cody, G. D., Davis, A., Eser, S., Hatcher, P.G. (1991) The Application of Microdilatometry to Solvent Swelling of Coals, Amer. Chem. Soc. Fuels Div., preprint. August, 1991.

 

Cody, G. D., Larsen, J. W., Siskin, M. (1987) Structural and Optical Anisotropy in Coal, Gordon Research Conference, Fuel Chemistry, July 1987.

 

Cody, G. D., Larsen, J. W., Siskin, M. (1987) The Detection of Molecular Orientation in Coals using Polarized Photoacoustic FTIR, Mid Atlantic Section of the American Chemical Society, May 1987.

 

Book Reviews

 

Coal, Typology-Physics-Chemistry-Constitution, D. W. van Krevelan, Elsevier, 1993.  Reviewed for Energy & Fuels (1994)

 

 

 

Invited and Keynote Presentations

 

The Macromolecular Structure of Extraterrestrial Organic Solids presented at the George Olah Award  in Hydrocarbon Chemistry Ceremony awarding the achievements of Dr. Michael Siskin, American Chemical Society Spring Meeting, California, 2004

 

Biogeochemistry at Nanoscales, 16th International Society for Environmental Biogeochemistry, Aomori, Japan, September 2003

 

The Geochemical Roots of Metabolism, 2nd Annual Geobiology Conference, Catalina Island (2003)

 

Provenance and/or Process recorded in the organic solids of extraterrestrial Materials,   2nd American Chemical Society Geochemistry Division Award Symposium, John Hayes, recipient (2003).

 

The Origins of Metabolic Chemistry, The Astrobiology Conference at Crystal Mountain, Seattle Wa. (2001).

 

Could Biochemistry have Hydrothermal Origins, 2nd NASA Astrobiology Institute Meeting, Washington, DC, April (2001)

 

Searching for the geochemical roots of biochemistry Rensselaer Polytechnical Instute, Origins of Life Seminar (November 2000)

 

New Insight into Coal Structure through Molecular Spectroscopy, 3rd Annual International Symposium at the Institute for Chemical Reaction Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan (1999)

 

Probing Chemistry Within the Membrane Structure of Recent and Ancient Higher Plants with Soft X-ray Spectral Microscopy, 6th International conference on X-ray Microscopy, XRM99, 1999, Berkeley, August.

 

Biogeochemistry at Nanoscales  2000 NSLS Annual Users’ Meeting, 2000

 

Hydrothermal Investigations into Organic Reaction Networks at Temperatures and Pressures Corresponding to Deep Hydrothermal Vent Systems, Geological Society of America-Pardee Symposium-New Insights on Organic Metamorphism in the Earth  111th GSA, Denver, 1999.

 

Imaging at the NSLS, 1999 Annual Users’ Meeting, May 24-26, 1999

 

Fuel Chemistry at Nanoscales, presented at the Hydrocarbon Resources Gordon Conference, Ventura Ca, January (1999).  Awarded for best oral presentation.

 

Invited Seminar Speaker (incomplete)

 

Department of Geosciences, SUNY Stony Brook (2003)

Department of Marine Chemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (2003)

Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington (2001)

Departments of Microbiology and Oceanography, University of Washington (2001)

Department of Chemistry, RPI (2000)

Department of Chemistry, Penn State University (2000)

Department of Geosciences, George Washington University (2000)

Department of Geosciences, Arizona State University (1999)

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware (1999)

Department of Earth Sciences, University of California, Berkeley (1998)

Department of Geologic Sciences University of Illinois-Champagne-Urbana (1997)

Department of Embryology, Carnegie Institution of Washington (1997)

Center for Advanced Energy Research, University of Kentucky (1997)

Department of Chemical Engineering Kyoto University (1996)

Department of Chemistry Osaka Univerisity (1996)

Institute for Chemical Reaction Science, Tohoku University (1996)

Geologic Society of Washington (1995).

 

  

Scientific Workshop Participation (incomplete)

 

Workshop on Cometary Dust in Astrophysics Crystal Mountain, WA, L. Kellor, S. Messenger, D. Brownlee, Organizers, August 2003,

 

Workshop on Astrobiology, Crystal Mountain, WA, W. Sullivan, J. Baross, Organizers, August 2001.

 

Workshop on Scientific Directions at the Advanced Light Source, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, March 23-25 (1998):  Participant and presenter for the Working Group on Polymers, biomaterials, and Soft Matter, published in July, 1998.

 

Roadmapping Workshop for the NASA Initiative in Astrobiology,  July 1998.  Participant in Prebiotic Chemistry working group chaired by Jim Ferris.

 

DOE Basic Energy Sciences Work shop on Coal Research in the DOE (1997) Panelist and Presenter

 

 

 

    

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